how to spot fake and junk news
With such a connected world, we all can access to information with just a few clicks of a mouse. However, it can be overwhelming and hard to determine if the information you are receiving is accurate and timely. With the internet, anyone can put “information” out into the world without any truth or accuracy to what they write or say. One of the ways to protect yourself from misinformation is learning how to judge if the news you are reading or listening to is trustworthy or accurate.
What is Fake News?
Fake News can be inaccurate information that is not necessarily deliberate. But it can also be false information that is intended to mislead and play on the emotions of those in the targeted audience.
Fake News is NOT:
news you disagree with
articles that paint someone you admire in an unflattering light
from only one side of the political spectrum
An easy way to do that is remember the acronym ESCAPE, created by NewseumED (newseumed.org).
E – evidence – Ask yourself if you can verify names, numbers, places. Check with multiple, trusted sources.
S – source – Who was all involved in the story? (author, publisher, funders, social media) Look to see the authors biography and the list of their other work. Could the author be an “online troll” or does the publisher write “parody stories?”
C – context – Is this the whole story? What else is driving it? (current events, trends, political goals or financial pressures). Ask yourself it what you are reading is “too good” or “too bad” to be true. Is the article “ragebait”, designed to get to visit their site because the readers are angry on a hyperpartisan level?
A- audience – Who is this written for? What is being used to appeal to the reader? (images, presentation, language, content).
P – purpose – Why was this written? To convey news? Do you know what the publishers mission or goals are? Is it to convey information, make money or do they have an agenda?
E- execution – How is the information presented? What style, tone, and image choices are used? Is proper grammar or spelling used?
Fact Checking Resources:
Both News and Science Claims
"A project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania. The APPC was established by publisher and philanthropist Walter Annenberg to create a community of scholars within the University of Pennsylvania that would address public policy issues at the local, state and federal levels. "(factcheck.org)
They disclose their finances in greater detail, so that readers may judge for themselves whether or not any of those individual donations could influence the checkers. FactCheck.org does not seek or accepted, directly or indirectly, any funds from unions, partisan organizations or advocacy groups.
From the St. Petersburg Times and Congressional Quarterly. Has a 'Truth-O-Meter' scorecard checking the attacks on the candidates (includes explanations). Also see their Punditfact page.
"Oldest and largest fact-checking site on the Internet".
"Dedicated to checking the accuracy of claims by pundits, columnists, bloggers, political analysts, the hosts and guests of talk shows, and other members of the media."